As an important part of web ecosystem, content management systems (CMS) are used widely by enterprises to manage the content of their websites. Each CMS is designed with two primary elements, i.e., content management application (CMA) and the content delivery application (CDA). The CMA is used by content managers to create, modify and remove content from the website. Continue reading Why would Customers Prefer Java to Build Their CMS?
As an open source persistence library, Hibernate Object Relational Mapping (ORM) is used widely by Java developers. The framework provided by Hibernate makes it easier for Java developers to map an object-oriented domain model to a traditional relational database. Thus, Hibernate in Java uses direct persistence-related database access to resolve problems related to object-relational impedance mismatch. Continue reading Hibernate in Java and Its Features
Apache Software Foundation (ASF) has developers Struts as an open source web application development. The framework is being used widely by programmers to create Java EE internet applications. It enables web developers to create application by using model-view-controller (MVC) architecture by adopting and extending the Java Servlet API. The Java programmers also have option to use WebWork, a framework spun from Struts. Despite retaining the original architecture of Struts, WebWork comes with several enhancements and refinements. Thus, the Java programmers can rely on Struts to create large and complex enterprise application by Continue reading Struts – In What Ways Does It Support Java Programming
The Java programming application has become the most preferred choice for large-scale, steady business schemes and is becoming more and more popular in embedded systems for portable computing devices. With the arrival of faster processors as well as not so costly mass storage devices, Java is allowed to transcend the original limitations of the language, and this independent environment makes it suitable for developing global enterprise applications and web services. Moreover, many portable devices and smaller systems can benefit from apps written in this programming language.
Java as Dead-End Enterprise Application Process
In earlier days when Java was yet to be invented, one of the major industrial trends was to raise the productivity of end users as well as developers. For instance, to develop business applications, fourth-generation programming languages (4GL) like Progress, Uniface or Powerbuilder rendered professional developers various quicker means than using C, C++, COBOL or Pascal. Tools like Lotus Notes, Dbase or Visicalc provided end users with the unparalleled ability to create mini-applications without any requirement for development teams. In the early ’90s, such productivity trend was thrown into a tizzy by the web. Now, enterprise application developers as well as software vendors need to write an entirely new generation of apps for the internet. This way the 4GL along with Internet forced developer productivity had to take the back seat.
For Web Apps Java Was at The Right Place at The Correct Time
To develop embedded systems, Java was designed in 1990 as an easier choice than C++. In 1993, the invention of the WWW initiated a meteoric change in Information Technology application development platform. Leading companies moved further and took advantage by marketing “network” servers like hotcakes and thereby offering Java as the platform for Web application development. Many other software vendors were caught off guard and for enterprise app development Java became the de facto web development standard.
Moving Ahead to Escape Drawbacks of Java Development Platform
This application has served its purpose and now it is time to go further as for enterprise-level app development, it seems to be too tricky or complicated. There are certain factors as to why business application development professionals must plan their escape from Java:
- With sophisticated business scenario as well as requirements the pace of change has increased.
- Development authoring is restricted to programming languages. Even though this platform supports additional programming languages such as Jruby or Groovy, the fundamental platform limits innovation to the conventional services offered by Java. Many new programming languages can be invented, but all of them should be applicable in the underlying environment.
- This platform botched the presentation layer as JavaFX is a failure while Swing is a nightmare. For pre-Ajax user interfaces, JSF was designed in spite of some implementations viz. ICEfaces incorporate Ajax. In the presentation layer, new UI approaches are found to have a steady stream that reflect Java’s lack of leadership.
- The Java frameworks show complexity. Struts, Spring, Hibernate and other environments reveal deficiencies of this programming language rather than its strengths. Simply to do the basics, a future platform must not need a cacophony of the same approaches.
As One of The Most Significant Programming Languages
So far as enterprise apps development is concerned, there is no denying that Java plays a major role despite tons of rise and falls. For the programmers, it brings a number of benefits including scalability, ample flexibility, security, robustness and of course versatility within the application development frameworks. However, like any other application platform, Java too has certain limitations that can be easily retrievable using faster processors and less expensive mass storage devices.
With this programming language, you can invent almost any form of enterprise-level application. In today’s world, many developers prefer using Java to build unprecedented business solutions by leveraging the features and benefits of this fantastic application platform.
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No one can deny the contribution of Java toward transforming the web. With thousands of websites and web application running on Java platform, it has remained popular over many years. But the popularity of Java is impacted by the emergence of new web application development platforms and tools. Despite offering loads of advantages, the platform also suffers from several limitations. But a developer still has several options to reap the rich features and benefits of the language by overcoming the lacunas.
According to a report related to annual largest Java developer conference posted on Ixonos.com, “Despite challenges Java still has a strong position as an enterprise software development platform. It has potential to grow as a viable ecosystem and technical platform also in the future. Oracle has been taking decisive steps to move the platform forward. But it’s not just Oracle’s Java: a lot of organizations and individuals have invested in the platform more collaboratively than before.”
As a new generation developer has options to choose from several application development frameworks, he can easily evaluate the pros and cons of each platform. It is also important to choose a development platform that completely complements the nature and requirements of the project. So a programmer can always compare the pros and cons of Java as a development platform to take the right decision.
Advantages of Java as a Development Platform
Open Source: Unlike other web application development platforms, Java is open source and free. So a company can easily use the technology without paying any licensing fees. With companies frequently exploring option to reduce project costs, Java has been popular among them for a long time. Also, many companies will continue to use Java as they have already invested in the technology.
Cross Browser Compatible: Developers often decide a web application development platform by keeping in mind the latest trends in technologies. Many companies opt for cross platform technologies to easily target users regardless of their choice of operating system and web browser. As a cross platform technology Java uses Java Virtual Machine (JVM) to translate the original code into byte codes, and then compile it to machine level languages based on the operating system. The feature makes it easier for programmers to build application to target major operating systems and browsers.
Easy to Develop Complex Applications: The frequent changes in user demands have made it essential for companies to launch applications that are both dynamic and powerful. Also, each application has to be complex to meet the varying needs of individual users. As an object oriented language, Java allows users to build complex applications without putting any extra time and effort. The stack and array classes help them in building rapid prototypes, whereas the garbage collection enable programmers to avoid using any interpreters. The features further make it easier to develop complex application without writing lengthy code.
Easy to Learn: The programmers familiar with any C based language can easily learn the Java syntax. Also, the beginners can learn Java from the scratch within a very short span of time. The large and standard class library provided by the platform is also well written. So a programmer can always refer to the documentation to use the Java class libraries.
Option to Reuse Code and Third-Party Libraries: Each developer wants to build a powerful application without writing longer lines of code. As Java web development is widely used by programmers across the world, one can easily access a large collection of code and third-party libraries. Further, the comprehensive documentation available on the web will help programmers in understanding how to use IDEs. Also, a developer can choose from several IDEs to meet the application’s specific requirements.
Limitation of Java as a Development Platform
Support for Limited Programming Languages: As a development platform, Java supports additional programming languages like JRuby and Groovy. But the platform does not users to avail the advantages of these languages to build innovative services. Most developers still use the programming language support extended by Java to create conventional services. Despite allowing developers to invent new programming languages, the underlying platform makes it difficult for them to implement the new language features.
Pre-Ajax User Interfaces: The use of AJAX has transformed the way web applications were being developed. But most Java frameworks are not designed with full AJAX support. For example, commonly used frameworks like JavaDX, Swing and JSF are not the best option to build AJAX user interfaces. So developers look for more innovative and advanced frameworks that allow them to seamlessly incorporate AJAX in the applications.
Complex Frameworks: A number of web application development platforms have made programming simpler and faster. Many developers are using tools like WaveMaker and Microsoft Lightswitch to easily develop enterprise applications. Also, as Java is based on C++, many programmers consider it to be too complex to build enterprise business applications.
Many developers are waiting for the commercial release of Java 8 to avail a number of advantages like lambda functions. The existing features and functionalities provided by Java as a development platform are considered old-fashioned by many programmers. So Oracle has to release Java 8 with more innovative features to make it popular among the new generation of web application developers.