Test Automation – What is it?
Test Automation can be referred to as the use of a specific software for controlling evaluation of a particular software (different from the one that is used in testing) as well as comparing its real life outcomes with the hypothetical ones predicted by the developers of the software. It is all about automating certain repetitive yet highly essential tasks with the help of a specifically formalized testing mechanism that is already pre-set or pre determined and adding certain additional testing mechanisms that are hard to carry out manually.
Now when we talk about automatic test, it provides a lot of benefits to the developers which include detecting bugs as well as errors, reduction of expenses of failure, reduction of time by repeatability and early verification, improvement of resource productivity and so on. However, in order to make sure that the best results can be derived through the process of test automation, it is imperative to follow certain tried as well as tested practices. You will find many but here are seven of them that are considered as golden rules or practices of automatic test.
1. Consideration of Costs and Assets
This is one of the most critical as well as important factors that needs to be taken into account during test automation, especially when it comes to testing automation for mobile devices. The cost factor needs to be taken into consideration at the time of deciding whether a particular company should put automation into use or stick to the traditional manual evaluation of various projects that are being developed. However, when we speak about the cost factor, that should be evaluated along with certain other parameters like time taken, number of heads needed, infrastructure, tools as well as training procedures involved therein.
2. Test Coverage and Re-usability
This is another factor that needs to be considered as well as maintained in a thorough manner as automated testing helps in increasing the depth as well as the scope of tests. Besides, test coverage and re-usability also help improving the quality of the software in a significant way. Processes that are lengthy are at times avoided when conducting manual testing. However, when it comes to automatic tests, they can be conducted without any hiccup whatsoever. That is the reason, one needs to make sure that all these aspects are covered during automatic testing. Hence, it is almost a thumb rule to make sure that as many complex test cases covering as many parameters as possible need to be conducted repetitively to ensure creation of new test cases along with building up features that are more compelling.
3. Using the right tools, methods and technology
In order to yield the best results, one should ensure that the toughest as well as cross platform method of testing is opted. This will not only ensure optimal test coverage but will also guarantee on time results. Again the most appropriate tools should be selected to ensure that all the required parameters are aptly covered and evaluated. Besides, this also guarantees that all the requirements as well as parameters are validated properly.
4. Testing Early as well as Frequently
This is one of the most tried and tested golden rule in automatic test. In order to yield the best results, you need to start the test at the earliest. Again, it is imperative that you conduct the test as frequently as possible. It is an almost established fact that the more you subject a particular software to test, debugging becomes easier. The most remarkable advantage of early testing is that in majority of the cases, bugs that are detected early are easier to be fixed and eliminated than those found during the production or installation of the software.
5. Opt for automated tests which are immune to UI changes
Automated tests that are created with the help of certain scripts as well as keyword tests generally depend upon the application that needs to be tested. While the UI of the particular application can undergo changes, more so during the initial stages thereby affecting the results, there may be times when the automated tests might not work with the higher versions of the particular application. Hence it is imperative to opt for those types of tests which will be immune to these changes in the User Interface.
6. Deciding upon the cases that need to be automated
Though classically speaking all the test cases need to be automated, in reality it is almost impossible to do so. Hence, before you commence you need to decide on the particular cases that need to be subjected to automatic tests.
7. Division of automated testing efforts
As automatic testing encompasses various parameters it is highly important that various QA engineers of different disciplines having a sizeable experience and skills under their belts are engaged in the testing to yield the best results.
There are a lot of other systems that need to be covered while going for automated testing. However, those mentioned are thumb rules that are always religiously maintained to ensure that the tests yield the best results and within the quickest possible time.
You can hire testers from top automation testing companies in India who can help you accomplish testing within allocated budgets and time schedules.